In Nada Fashion Design Inc. v. Designs by Nada et al., the Plaintiff sought an interlocutory injunction against the Defendants a few days before the Plaintiff and Defendants were to participate in Toronto’s L’Oréal Fashion Week. The Plaintiff alleged that it had prior use of the trademark NADA, although it had only recently applied to register the mark, and that the Defendants’ use of BY NADA and NADA YOUSIF constituted passing-off.
The Court applied the three-part test to determine whether an interlocutory injunction was warranted:
(1) the existence of a serious issue to be tried;
(2) the existence of irreparable harm if the injunction is not granted; and
(3) that the balance of convenience favours the granting of the injunction.
With regards to the first part of the test, the Court focused on whether, with regards to passing-off, there was likely to be confusion, concluding confusion was likely with BY NADA, but not with NADA YOUSIF.
However, with regards to the second part of the test, the Court decided that the Plaintiff had not provided the “clear evidence” necessary to establish irreparable harm. The Plaintiff’s allegations with regards to the importance of a brand in the fashion industry and its negotiations with major retailers was not sufficient. Thus, there was no irreparable harm and the balance of convenience favoured the Defendants.
No interlocutory injunction was granted and whether the Plaintiff continues with its action remains to be seen.